That was the prediction from Patrick Harr, founder and CEO of online storage vendor Nirvanix, one of several speakers at Storage Networking World to address the emerging cloud storage market.
“You will see a spending shift from what I call the traditional box model to more of an on-demand service model going forward,” Harr told attendees at the conference in Dallas.
When Harr began raising money for Nirvanix, the notion of the “cloud” was barely talked about, he said. Nirvanix didn't even mention the word “cloud” when it came out of stealth mode with a press release in September 2007. Although Nirvanix now uses the word to market its online storage service, Harr said the buzzword's ubiquity makes it difficult to cut through the hype and figure out exactly what cloud storage is and is not.
Cloud storage is not suitable for all data types, he noted, because it introduces some latency. “Every data has a storage type,” Harr said. “Cloud storage is not meant to replace [storage-area network] storage.”
Simply making storage available over the Web does not make it a cloud service, he said. The analyst firm Gartner has defined cloud computing as “a style of computing where massively scalable IT-related capabilities are provided 'as a service' using Internet technologies to multiple external customers.”
Cloud storage, Harr said, should be scalable from gigabytes to exabytes while using a single global namespace; load balancing will allow resources to be shifted to different geographic locations based on demand. Cloud storage should also be easy to connect to through Web services APIs or standard storage protocols; feature a fully redundant infrastructure; and be 80% to 90% less expensive than building one's own storage, he said.
Nirvanix offers cloud storage over the Web through its Storage Delivery Network, which is similar to Amazon's S3 storage service. Nirvanix on Monday announced general availability for a storage software offering called CloudNAS, an add-on to the Storage Delivery Network that lets users connect systems to Internet-based storage nodes via NFS, CIFS or FTP.
The most common use cases include storing large digital libraries, integration of online storage into devices or applications, and backup and archival, Harr said. “We're seeing a lot of excitement in the archival and backup space,” he said.
IBM executives also spoke about the cloud, saying cloud storage should provide both an infinitely scalable pool of storage and a simple way for users to access it. If built effectively, the incremental cost of managing newly added resources should be close to zero, said Stephen Edel, IBM's storage portfolio management program director.
Rather than offer its own cloud storage service, IBM is focusing on delivering the hardware and guidance necessary for service providers to build externally available clouds, as well as helping enterprise IT shops build internal clouds behind their firewalls.
Virtualization, dynamic allocation of resources, and speed and reliability achieved through standardization and automation are all necessary components of building clouds, IBM said.
While the cloud concept is similar to utility computing, which has been talked about for years, IBM said the newer cloud model will work better because of more efficient delivery methods and technical models making it easier to scale resources up and down.
“Cloud computing will transform the data center,” Edel said.
While companies such as IBM have pushed the notion of enterprises building internal clouds for their own employees, Harr contends that that approach is simply a continuation of what he calls the “box model.”
“From my perspective, cloud is a service,” Harr said. “It is something you should be able to use both externally and internally, but it shouldn't lock you to internal environments.”