The White House is proposing a big increase in cybersecurity research and development in next year’s budget to improve, in part, its ability to reduce the risk of insider threats, and ensure the safety of control systems such as those used at power plants.
In detailing their 2012 budget proposal yesterday, White House officials didn’t mention WikiLeaks and its release of tens of thousands of diplomatic cables and military documents, or the ability of the Stuxnet worm to damage Iran’s nuclear control systems. But the fingerprints of both these incidents on this budget proposal seemed clear enough.
Philip Coyle, associate director for national security , said at the budget briefing on Monday that the administration is proposing “considerable growth” in cybersecurity research. When all the cybersecurity spending plans across the board are added, cybersecurity research and development spending will increase 35% to $548 million next year, he said.
Stuxnet illustrated how a cyberattack could corrupt a specifically targeted critical control system — in this case, Iran’s centrifuges. But attacks on critical facilities in the U.S. have been a longstanding concern.
The Deptartment of Homeland Security formed teams last year to test power plants for cybersecurity weaknesses.
Other cybersecurity initiatives that are funded in this spending plan include new research programs at the National Science Foundation (NSF), as well as research on a trusted identity system. Day-to-day spending on cybersecurity by federal agencies is not part of this research budget.
The cybersecurity research spending is part of an overall research and development budget proposal for next year that includes across-the-board increases for a range of research efforts, including robotics, climate change, and funding to expand the supply and capabilities of science, technology, engineering, and math teachers.
Overall, the budget seeks $66.1 billion for basic and applied research across all areas, a 11.6% increase. “The aim of that is to develop the solutions – the innovative solutions to the many challenges we face,” John Holdren, Obama’s top science advisor, said at the budget briefing.
Peter Harsha, director of government affairs at the Computing Research Association, wrote in a blog post that the White House proposal “is essentially ‘dead on arrival’ as far as the House is concerned.”
But it’s still important to have a good request from the President and the agencies on record when we go advocating for the science agencies,” he wrote. CRA members include many universities, such as Stanford, Carnegie Mellon University and Harvard, as well as Microsoft , IBM , Hewlett-Packard and many other companies.
President Barack Obama has made science and research funding a high priority, and has repeatedly said that the U.S. is facing a new “Sputnik moment.”
But the White House budget faces Republican lawmakers in the House who have already proposed more than a $2 billion in cuts to science to this year’s budget.
Holdren said at the budget briefing that if the Republican’s proposed cuts were to happen, “they would cripple our ability to advance innovation,” at the budget briefing.
The White House research proposal will provide, among other things, $7.8 billion to the National Science Foundation, 13% more than was approved this year. The Department of Energy’s Office of Science would see $5.4 billion, a 10.7% increase.
The federal budget proposal specifically seeks new research in advanced manufacturing technologies, including nano-manufacturing and robotics.
The White House believes robotics is “nearing a tipping point in terms of its usefulness and versatility,” and initiated a grant proposal last fall to seek robotic proposals.
The government is seeking development of “co-robots,” systems “that can safely co-exist in close proximity to or in physical contact with humans in the pursuit of mundane, dangerous, precise or expensive tasks,” according to the grant announcement.
Aneesh Chopra, the U.S. government’s CTO, said that a number of agencies are interested in the role robotics might play in manufacturing, and productivity gains they may bring.
“We believe there is an opportunity to take a fresh look, and a more energising look at robotics,” Chopra said. “We want to run the spectrum on robotics — that which can deliver breakthroughs on current technologies that are applied in new and novel ways, as well as well building blocks of future capabilities that are just still nascent.”