Eleven years ago, Larry Page and Sergey Brin founded Google Inc. with a search engine and a plan. Now their company has grown into an online behemoth battling head-to-head with industry giant Microsoft Corp. while the term Google has become a verb that means “search the Internet.”
Obviously, a lot has changed for the company and its founders since Sept. 27, 1998.
Google celebrated its anniversary this year quietly, doing little more than changing the famed Google logo on its search page to a “doodle” that said Googlle, with an extra L to form the number 11.
But however it chooses to celebrate its birthday, Google is one of the great Internet success stories. The company not only owns the search market, holding a share of more than 64%, it has also branched out over the years, offering its hosted Google Apps applications like Gmail, as well as Google Maps, Google Earth and other products.
More recently, Google has moved to take on Microsoft and its widely-used Internet Explorer in the browser market, and it even disclosed plans this summer to develop an alternative to the Windows operating system. Just yesterday, Google announced plans to release an early version of its Google Wave collaboration tool to 100,000 users and developers for testing.
“I would say Google is the most influential Web company out there,” said Ezra Gottheil, an analyst at Technology Business Research Inc. “It's rare to have a company grow like that, but we've seen others. It's just that the others either flamed out, were acquired or haven't yet reached a sustainable state. Look at Netscape, MySpace, Twitter, Youtube and Facebook.”
Caroline Dangson, an analyst at IDC, noted that Google easily emerged as the top consumer Web brand in a survey that the research firm conducted last year.
“We have found that with consumer surveys, [Google] is the No. 1 consumer brand,” she said. “We conducted a survey including Yahoo, MSN, eBay, Amazon… different consumer Web properties. Google was No. 1 for all of our questions, from 'How much do you like the brand?' to 'How much do you use the brand?' to 'How much do you trust the brand?' There are few companies that are able to grow and dominate in this way.”
Google has grown to the point where it has become a threat to Microsoft, which has had a long and storied history of high-tech industry dominance. There was a time not so long ago when few believed that any company could rattle Microsoft, let alone a Web company like Google.
But Google's vise-like grip on the lucrative search market forced Microsoft to spend massive amounts of money to overhaul its old and unexciting Live Search tool to create a search engine called Bing, which was unveiled this summer. Microsoft went a step further by signing an agreement that calls for Internet pioneer Yahoo Inc. to use Bing as the primary search engine on its various sites.
At the same time, Google was developing its Chrome browser to take on IE, and it was looking to develop an operating system to compete with Windows.
Google in July announced plans to take on Windows with an open-source operating system, also called Chrome, that could run Internet-centric computers like netbooks. Chrome OS could be ready as early as the second half of next year. Many other companies have tried and failed to take on Microsoft in the operating systems business, but analysts say that Google has the financial muscle, the engineering might and the industry clout to actually put up a realistic fight for market share.
Google also moved this summer to make its hosted applications suite more attractive to large government users by announcing plans to tailor its cloud computing services for various federal agencies.
“In Microsoft's mind, Google is probably the biggest threat to their bread-and-butter operating system and desktop application businesses,” said Dan Olds, an analyst at Gabriel Consulting Group Inc. “Google's dominance of the search business is also Microsoft's biggest opportunity in terms of new revenue and revenue growth. So to a large extent, the two companies are going to do battle on several fronts, which is good for consumers, as it keeps innovation high and prices low, and it's also fun to observe.”
Google, with a focus on its core business along with an ingrained innovative track, is also influencing a whole lot of up-and-coming Web 2.0 businesses, according to Olds.
“The Google model of developing a killer application, optimizing it to provide high user value and gain user loyalty, and then monetizing it has been the model of choice for social networking companies. Take a look at Twitter,” he said. “Google has gone from zero to industry giant in a record amount of time, starting with just a bunch of guys with a search engine to a company with a $156 billion capitalization in just over a decade. It's a company worth emulating.”